The object of the sentence is the plural word “hopes.” Therefore, the singular “nudged” would be wrong. While this choice of answer corrects the initial error of the subject`s adverb chord, by changing the plural verb dismissed with the singular verb dismisses, a new one is created. The singular theme of theatrical production does not agree with the plural verb. Split #2: The three nouns parallel to “and” are a composite subject. This theme – Dostoyevsky, Nietzsche and Kierkegaard – requires a plural verb “were considered the founders.” The selection with the singular version, “was considered a founder,” is false. Decisions (B) – (C) – (E) make this mistake. This is perhaps the most important of all sentence correction tasks. This problem arises so often that it is worth familiarizing yourself with its various facets. Not a single Nominus either; the verb “a” must agree. If two or more names are bound by the word “and” then they are all part of the subject, so the subject is naturally plural and takes a plural verb. Beware if the P and Q theme are separated – P [long change clause] and Q. The subject verb chord may seem very simple, but it will certainly be tested for GMAT corrections. You can apply many of the same considerations as pronoun-antecedent agreement for these issues.
For a complete overview of the agreement between thematic verbs, we`ll see some examples below. Split #4: verb time. In choice (E), the verbs “had had” and “that was giving” are not correct for this context. This is another problem of selecting responses (E). We start with the first of the two structures – the Y-Thema X. Let us take the following example: the article on Colombian drug lords, published this morning in The Economist, does not allude and does not describe in concrete terms the methods used by the police in the fight against crime. Quite simply, in cases where the distinctions of the number of verbs are useful, singular subjects must have singular verbs, and plural subjects must have plural verbs. It`s simple, isn`t it? Well, that`s right, as long as we have very simple phrases (“The dog is hungry” vs. “Dogs are hungry”), then everything is fishing. Of course, this is not where the story of the GMAT agreement ends correctly! This sentence shows the same common trick of associating a single subject (team) with a plural noun (player). A pluralistic verb is then placed next to this plural noun, and the reckless test-taker, which relies on its sense of what “sounds right,” is immersed in the idea that the sentence is correct as it is written.